Hurricane Sandy disrupted financial markets in a way not seen since 1888, when a blizzard dumped 40 to 50 inches of snow across the tri-state area, forcing the New York Stock Exchange to close for two days that March.

This time around, three exchanges operated by NYSE Euronext, three by Nasdaq OMX Group, two from BATS Global Markets, two from Direct Edge and more all closed, for the safety of their employees. The Trade Reporting Facility operated by Nasdaq and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority also closed on October 29 and 30.

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