Moody’s Investors Service cut its ratings on four of the biggest U.S. banks after deciding the government would be less likely to help them repay creditors in a crisis.

Morgan Stanley, Goldman Sachs Group, JPMorgan Chas and Bank of New York Mellon had their senior holding company ratings lowered one level yesterday after Moody’s concluded a review of eight U.S. banks that began in August. Spokesmen for the four companies declined to comment.

U.S. banking regulators have been preparing rules and procedures that seek to allow the government to wind down even the largest financial companies without providing taxpayer assistance. The plans would require investors to accept losses and could require bonds to be converted into equity capital.

“We believe that U.S. bank regulators have made substantive progress in establishing a credible framework to resolve a large, failing bank,” Robert Young, a managing director at Moody’s, said in a statement. “Rather than relying on public funds to bail out one of these institutions, we expect that bank holding company creditors will be bailed-in and thereby shoulder much of the burden to help recapitalize a failing bank.”

Moody’s affirmed the senior holding company ratings of Bank of America, Citigroup, State Street and Wells Fargo.


Bank of New York was cut to A1 from Aa3, and Goldman Sachs was lowered to Baa1 from A3, Moody’s said. JPMorgan was cut to A3 from A2, and Morgan Stanley was downgraded to Baa2 from Baa1.

Subordinated debt ratings were also lowered for BNY Mellon, Goldman Sachs, JPMorgan, and Morgan Stanley.

Citigroup’s Citibank NA subsidiary had its long-term deposits upgraded to A2 from A3 and short-term rating lifted to Prime-1. Bank of America’s long-term deposit rating was raised to A2 from A3 and its short-term rating was upgraded to Prime-1. State Street’s State Street Bank & Trust Co. subsidiary had its long-term deposit rating and subordinated debt downgraded.

Yields on downgraded bonds typically rise after a rating reduction to account for the perceived deterioration in an issuer’s creditworthiness. That hasn’t happened since the announcement with yields either rising or little changed.


The yield on Morgan Stanley’s $2 billion of 4.1% subordinated bonds due in May 2023 fell 26 basis points yesterday to 4.52%, according to Trace, the bond-price reporting system of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. The yield on JPMorgan’s $2 billion of 3.375% subordinated notes due May 2023 slipped 10 basis points to 4.3%.

The yield on Goldman Sachs’s $1 billion of 5.95% subordinated bonds due January 2027 rose 1 basis point to 5.4%, according to Trace.

“This tells you that the move was entirely expected,” said London-based Andrew Carrie, a director at brokerage Stifel Nicolaus Europe Ltd. “Ratings agencies have lost quite a bit of credibility, although the’re still excellent sources of knowledge, and ratings actions typically lag the market.”

The extra yield investors demand to hold dollar-denominated bank bonds instead of similar-maturity government debt has declined 30 basis points, or 0.3 percentage point, to 137 basis points this year through yesterday, according to the Bank of America Merrill Lynch U.S. Banking Index.

That compares with a narrowing of 8 basis points this year, to a spread of 146 basis points, for the broader high-grade corporate market, the data show.



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