(Bloomberg) -- Russian stocks trading in New York sank for a fourth day as concern mounted that President Vladimir Putin faces stiffer international sanctions after his special forces were spotted in eastern Ukraine.

The Bloomberg index of Russian shares listed in the U.S. retreated 2.55% to a one-month low of 78.98 as 13 out of 14 stocks fell. OAO Mobile TeleSystems, Russia’s biggest mobile phone company, plunged 5.3% to the lowest level since January 2012. The escalation of the conflict halted a record inflow of money into the Market Vectors Russia exchange-traded fund, which lost 2.7% yesterday.

Ukraine unleashed an offensive to dislodge militants after fighting between its forces and pro-Russian separatists turned deadly this week. Russia’s 45th Airborne Regiment was identified in the eastern Ukrainian towns of Slovyansk and Kramatorsk, First Deputy Prime Minister Vitali Yarema said in televised comments yesterday. The region’s uncertainty may hurt economic growth in Russia, the country’s finance minister said.

“This is a dangerous moment,” Ian Hague, founding partner of New York-based Firebird Management LLC, which manages $1.3 billion of assets including Russian stocks, said in an interview yesterday. “Economic sanctions would close off western capital markets for Russia. More sanctions will for sure result in economic recession.”

NO GROWTH

Russia’s gross domestic product may expand less than 0.5% or may not grow at all this year as capital flight accelerates in the wake of its annexation of Crimea last month, Finance Minister Anton Siluanov said in Moscow yesterday. Capital outflows rose to $50.6 billion in the first three months of the year from $27.5 billion a year earlier, according to the central bank.

The Market Vectors Russia ETF saw no new inflows in the four trading days through April 14 after a record $574 million was deposited into the fund in March, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The shares are down 23% this year. The Micex rose 0.3% to 1,314.74 by 10:07 a.m. in Moscow today.

Mobile TeleSystems fell 5.3% to $15.42 in New York yesterday and traded at a 16% discount to the company’s Moscow-listed shares.

Yandex NV, the nation’s biggest Internet company, lost 0.5% to $27.38, the lowest level since June. The stock has declined 37% in 2014. OAO Sberbank, Russia’s biggest lender, tumbled 3.6% to $8.43.

The U.S. and European Union are deliberating deeper sanctions against Russia for stoking unrest in eastern Ukraine. The Obama administration has left the door open to providing military assistance to the Ukrainian government while ruling out providing arms or other “lethal” aid at this time.

BEAR MARKET

There is “substantial evidence” suggesting direct Russian involvement in eastern Ukraine, White House press secretary Jay Carney said at a press briefing in Washington DC yesterday. The U.S. also is evaluating the possibility of new sanctions to increase pressure on Putin, he said, without elaborating.

The Micex index entered a bear market on March 13, before a referendum in which people in the Crimea peninsula voted to break away from Ukraine. The U.S. imposed financial sanctions on Russian officials, including billionaires close to Putin, the following week. European Union leaders agreed on March 17 to impose sanctions on 21 individuals and the region’s foreign ministers agreed April 14 in Luxembourg to add new names to the list.

“If sanctions aren’t too bad, the market is overly depressed,” Gary Greenberg, who oversees about $785 million in emerging-market stocks at Hermes Fund Managers Ltd., said in an April 15 phone interview from London. “We did a little buying today and bought Mail.ru. There is certainly value there. Russia has no real interest in a hot war.”

CHEAP VALUATION

Mail.ru Group Ltd. is valued at 16 times estimated earnings, half the multiple of Tencent Holdings Ltd., China’s largest Internet company by market value, data compiled by Bloomberg show. Greenberg said the comparison between the two shows how cheap Mail.ru is.

Mail.ru, controlled by Russian billionaire Alisher Usmanov, fell 0.7% to $29.40 in London yesterday, the lowest level since July.

The RTS Volatility Index, which measures expected swings in futures, decreased 2.2% to 41.33 in U.S. hours. RTS stock-index futures expiring in June fell 0.7% to 110,250. The Bloomberg Russia-US Equity Index has tumbled 23% this year, compared with a 13% slide for the Micex gauge in Moscow.

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