The vast majority of retail advisers now use alternative products or strategies for their clients-but that number is a bit misleading, a new study finds.

While 78% of all retail advisers use alternatives within client portfolios, nearly half of that group are light users, said John Meunier, principal with Cogent Research, in Cambridge, Mass.

"Just 1% to 4% of all the assets they manage fall into the 'alternative' bucket," said Meunier, who authored the report.

Just a quarter of the advisers who use alternatives assign them 15% or more of the assets within client portfolios, he adds. Still, it's clear that advisers believe today's investing environment requires alternative tools for asset-class diversification and risk management, he said

A big hurdle in the use of alternatives appears to be education. Among the 22% of advisers not currently using alternatives, 47% admitted that their own lack of lack of knowledge was a reason.

And 52% of current alternative investment product users indicated that a lack of client knowledge and sophistication is preventing them from embracing alternatives further.

Why specifically are advisers using alternatives?

Further diversifying portfolios was cited by 83%, while 80% cited a desire to help manage risk, and 54% want to achieve absolute returns.

Meanwhile, just 20% of advisers reported using alternatives in an effort to deliver returns above a benchmark, and only 19% use them for tax management purposes.

Cogent found that advisers now allocate an average of 11% of their book to alternatives spread across a variety of different products.

Independent advisers, the heaviest overall users of alternatives, show the strongest preference for venture capital, private equity and hedge funds, while bank-based advisers prefer limited partnerships, and RIAs tend to use structured products and structured notes.

The findings were compiled in the 2011 Advisor Brandscape report, based on a survey of 1,643 retail investment advisers.

Among eight separate types of investment vehicles, advisers said they are least likely to access alternative asset classes and strategies through mutual funds and ETFs. Yet more advisers expect to increase their use of alternatives and ETFs than any other product or vehicles; 41% of advisers currently using alternatives indicated they will increase their use of ETFs, while 28% said they intend to increase their use of mutual funds.

Meunier said the trend is evidence of the "retailization" of alternatives.

"Advisers are realizing they need more liquid, accessible and understandable products," he said. "And they need education, both to share with investors, and for themselves as far as how to position products and strategies in portfolios."

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