In the past 20 years, financial planners and their clients have ridden a stock market roller coaster.

The benchmark S&P 500 index soared from 440 in 1994 to 1,527 in 2000, down to 777 in 2002, up to 1,565 in 2007, down to 677 in 2009 and well past 1,800 this year. What lessons have advisors learned from wave after wave of bull and bear markets?

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