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Where should rich clients retire?

If your clients are super wealthy and want to avoid a big tax bill, they’re better off retiring in Michigan than in Maryland.

That’s according to a study from online finance tool provider SmartAsset that ranked all eligible states by the total amount of taxes a client will pay — or an overall tax-burden dollar amount — including estate, property and state and federal income taxes. While, some of the pricier parts of the country like Vermont, Oregon and Rhode Island had the highest tax burden and ended up on the bottom of the list, outliers like Florida (4) broke the top ten.

States in the middle of the country generally fared much better, with the exception of Illinois (7) and Wisconsin (13). Nevada, Tennessee and Florida were among the frontrunners. (Note: Hawaii was left off the list due to a lack of estate tax reporting.)

While the coastal states generally trailed the pack because of higher taxes and costs of living, they fare much better in other categories like health care quality, weather and overall well-being.

The study estimated federal and state income taxes for the top 1% of earners. To determine income taxes, the study used an estimated household income of $465,626, the amount needed to crack the 1%, according to IRS data. Property taxes were based on a home value five times the income or more than $2 million and estate taxes were considered on an estate worth $15 million.

Total estate taxes reported in 2016 topped nearly $18.3 billion, according to the most recent data available from the IRS. California had the most number of estate tax returns filed the prior year, followed by East Coast states like Florida and New York, according to the agency. In all, 5,200 households filed estate taxes nationwide.

Here are the best and worst places for wealthy clients to retire based on total tax burdens, according to the SmartAsset study.

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Wyoming
Income tax: $151,562
Property tax: $14,235
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,639,597
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Nevada
Income tax: $151,562
Property tax: $14,776
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,640,138
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Tennessee
Income tax: $151,562
Property tax: $21,115
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,642,177
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Florida
Income tax: $151,562
Property tax: $21,115
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,646,477
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Alabama
Income tax: $169,259
Property tax: $9,607
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,652,666
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Alaska
Income tax: $151,562
Property tax: $27,802
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,653,164
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South Dakota
Income tax: $151,562
Property tax: $30,902
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,656,264
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Louisiana
Income tax: $169,982
Property tax: $12,687
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,656,469
North Dakota sky truck IAG
North Dakota
Income tax: $161,589
Property tax: $22,472
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,657,861
Colorado voters will consider $9.5 billion of bonds for highway projects.
Colorado
Income tax: $173,120
Property tax: $11,937
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,658,857
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Arizona
Income tax: $169,870
Property tax: $16,124
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,659,794
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Indiana
Income tax: $166,536
Property tax: $19,896
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,660,232
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Utah
Income tax: $174,533
Property tax: $15,133
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,663,466
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New Mexico
Income tax: $172,932
Property tax: $18,580
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,665,274
Mississippi State Capitol
Mississippi
Income tax: $173,844
Property tax: $18,580
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,666,224
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Texas
Income tax: $151,562
Property tax: $41,272
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,666,634
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West Virginia
Income tax: $180,415
Property tax: $13,447
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,667,662
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Delaware
Income tax: $180,819
Property tax: $13,047
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,337,666
Budget gaps are shrinking at the Oklahoma state Capitol.
Oklahoma
Income tax: $173,732
Property tax: $20,763
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,668,295
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South Carolina
Income tax: $182,177
Property tax: $13,161
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,669,138
North Carolina legislature's building
North Carolina
Income tax: $176,241
Property tax: $19,734
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,669,775
Investors should plan carefully to withdraw the amount enough to cover the costs.
Virginia
Income tax: $177,612
Property tax: $18,625
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,670,396
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Arkansas
Income tax: $181,925
Property tax: $14,671
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,670,396
Kentucky state capitol
Kentucky
Income tax: $179,006
Property tax: $19,830
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,672,636
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Georgia
Income tax: $179,008
Property tax: $20,839
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,673,647
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Missouri
Income tax: $177,642
Property tax: $22,359
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,673,801
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Montana
Income tax: $181,945
Property tax: $19,337
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,674,661
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Idaho
Income tax: $183,945
Property tax: $17,172
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,674,917
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New Hampshire
Income tax: $151,562
Property tax: $50,883
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,676,245
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Pennsylvania
Income tax: $165,857
Property tax: $36,948
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,676,605
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California
Income tax: $188,826
Property tax: $17,382
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,680,008
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Kansas
Income tax: $174,342
Property tax: $32,118
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,680,260
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Michigan
Income tax: $171,004
Property tax: $36,243
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,681,047
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Ohio
Income tax: $172,176
Property tax: $35,761
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,681,737
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Iowa
Income tax: $176,613
Property tax: $36,141
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,686,554
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Nebraska
Income tax: $180,807
Property tax: $40,416
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,695,023
Madison, Wisconsin, featuring the state capitol
Wisconsin
Income tax: $182,074
Property tax: $43,928
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,699,802
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New Jersey
Income tax: $176,969
Property tax: $56,650
Estate tax: $1,473,800
Total tax burden: $1,707,419
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Maine
Income tax: $181,754
Property tax: $31,449
Estate tax: $1,795,800
Total tax burden: $2,009,003
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Connecticut
Income tax: $177,850
Property tax: $48,012
Estate tax: $2,484,799
Total tax burden: $2,710,622
New York real estate
New York
Income tax: $180,682
Property tax: $38,910
Estate tax: $2,503,400
Total tax burden: $2,722,992
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Maryland
Income tax: $175,509
Property tax: $24,958
Estate tax: $2,710,200
Total tax burden: $2,910,667
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Illinois
Income tax: $174,391
Property tax: $52,242
Estate tax: $2,710,200
Total tax burden: $2,936,833
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Rhode Island
Income tax: $175,574
Property tax: $37,793
Estate tax: $3,104,175
Total tax burden: $3,317,542
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Minnesota
Income tax: $188,175
Property tax: $25,930
Estate tax: $3,173,800
Total tax burden: $3,387,905
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Massachusetts
Income tax: $174,851
Property tax: $28,205
Estate tax: $3,190,200
Total tax burden: $3,393,256
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Oregon
Income tax: $193,755
Property tax: $22,965
Estate tax: $3,376,300
Total tax burden: $3,593,020
Vermont IAG
Vermont
Income tax: $184,729
Property tax: $43,149
Estate tax: $3,433,800
Total tax burden: $3,661,678
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Washington
Income tax: $151,562
Property tax: $23,167
Estate tax: $3,725,200
Total tax burden: $3,899,929